MONOLITH LAW OFFICE+81-3-6262-3248Weekdays 10:00-18:00 JST


AI (ChatGPT, etc.)

At MONOLITH LAW OFFICE, we have brought together a team of highly skilled lawyers and engineers who specialize in AI. We are dedicated to providing comprehensive legal support to businesses engaged in AI development, including ChatGPT. Our services encompass a wide range of areas, such as contract drafting, evaluation of business models’ legality, protection of intellectual property rights, and management of privacy concerns.

The rapid evolution of AI technology, especially in the field of natural language processing like ChatGPT, has opened up new possibilities and business opportunities. However, it has also given rise to various legal challenges. For instance, there are ongoing debates surrounding the protection of text generated by ChatGPT under Japanese copyright law. Additionally, AI businesses face legal risks related to confidentiality and privacy. To navigate these complexities effectively, it is crucial to have legal experts who possess a deep understanding of AI-related legal issues. At MONOLITH LAW OFFICE, we have established a dedicated team of lawyers and engineers with expertise in IT, enabling us to provide specialized support for AI businesses.

Leading Legal Support for the Dynamic AI Industry

Leading Legal Support for the Dynamic AI Industry

Providing top-tier legal support for AI technology, MONOLITH LAW OFFICE has a team of lawyers with backgrounds as former and current IT engineers. We understand the challenges and opportunities in the dynamic AI industry and offer customized legal solutions to help businesses succeed in this evolving field.

Characteristics of AI legal services

  • IT expertise

    Lawyers providing AI legal services must possess a deep understanding of the latest technologies in order to effectively support businesses utilizing AI. This includes assessing the legality of AI-driven business models and products, as well as drafting proposals, terms of use, and contracts based on a solid grasp of the underlying technology.

  • IP and PII

    Lawyers involved in AI legal affairs must have comprehensive knowledge of intellectual property laws and regulations, particularly in relation to copyright protection for AI-generated content. Additionally, they must be well-versed in personal information-related laws and regulations, including compliance with national and international privacy laws such as the GDPR and Japan’s Personal Information Protection Law.

  • AI tool regulations

    AI legal services require a thorough understanding of the terms of use for AI tools, such as ChatGPT. These terms govern important aspects such as intellectual property rights, confidentiality, and service usage restrictions. To avoid potential legal issues, it is crucial for lawyers to have in-depth knowledge of these terms and ensure that AI services comply with them. Failure to adhere to the terms may result in service suspension or legal consequences.

Drafts can be generated with minimal consultation

Lawyers involved in services and products utilizing AI technology must possess a comprehensive understanding of the specific behavior exhibited by the AI system. This includes an in-depth knowledge of the specific processes performed by the AI, the outputs it generates, and the training data it relies on. Failing to grasp these details accurately can lead to erroneous conclusions when assessing the legality of the service or product.

At our firm, we are well-equipped to handle such complex legal matters. With a team of 16 IT consultants, including our principal attorney who has a background as an IT engineer, we possess the necessary expertise to swiftly and efficiently conduct legal reviews. By minimizing the need for extensive hearings and procedures, we can expedite the process, shorten the work period, and provide our clients with a seamless and effective response.


Drafting Terms of Use for AI Services

Drafting precise and tailored terms of use is crucial in mitigating legal risks, particularly concerning copyright and personal information laws and regulations, in the context of AI-related services and products. At MONOLITH LAW OFFICE, we possess extensive experience and expertise in drafting terms of use for cutting-edge technologies, including AI.

When drafting terms of use, we take into consideration the specific operational details and user characteristics of your service or product. Our goal is to create terms of use that align with your unique business model and characteristics. With our support, you can expect terms of use that safeguard your company’s interests while ensuring the smooth operation of your business. Additionally, we ensure compliance with legal requirements pertaining to copyright and privacy protection.

Our team is dedicated to providing you with customized and comprehensive legal solutions, tailored specifically to your AI services and products. Trust us to navigate the complexities of AI-related legal matters and deliver terms of use that meet your needs while ensuring legal compliance.

Compliance with ChatGPT Terms of Use

Compliance with the terms of use for services such as ChatGPT is crucial in minimizing legal risks and ensuring smooth business operations. These terms clearly outline obligations, restrictions, and guidelines that users must adhere to. They cover important aspects such as intellectual property protection, handling of confidential information, service usage scope, and prohibited activities. ( The descriptions on this page are not updated every time the ChatGPT Terms of Use undergo revisions. These descriptions are merely provided as illustrative examples of the different aspects addressed by such provisions. Our clients receive up-to-date information on the content of the Terms and Conditions as of the latest version, and our legal services are based on the up-to-date information. )

At MONOLITH LAW OFFICE, we possess a deep understanding not only of Japanese law but also of the specific terms of use for services like ChatGPT. This allows us to assess risks and provide tailored recommendations related to business models in relation to these provisions. We stay updated with the latest terms of use and provide customized guidance based on our clients’ specific business models and services.

Complying with the terms of use is essential to avoid potential risks such as service suspension, liability for damages, or infringement of intellectual property rights resulting from violations. MONOLITH LAW OFFICE offers comprehensive legal services, including ensuring compliance with service terms, to help our clients operate their businesses safely and within the boundaries of the law.

SectionContent of Regulation
Use for consulting regarding areas of expertiseQualified individuals (in legal, medical, financial, etc. fields) may not provide individualized advice solely based on ChatGPT responses without verifying the information source. The use of ChatGPT for “medical consultation” concerning serious medical conditions is prohibited.
Information summary websites on specialized areasWhen using AI to create articles providing information on specialized areas like medicine, finance, and law, which may be subject to business law regulations, such as summary websites that aggregate news reports, it is necessary to clearly disclose the use of AI and the limitations of information accuracy. This also applies to “someone-like” conversations.
“Somebody-like” ConversationsExcept for historical public figures, when employing chatbots for “someone-like” conversations, it must be explicitly stated that it is a parody or a conversation simulating a particular individual.
Usage of input and generated content by OpenAIAs of March 1, 2023, it is specified that the content will not be used to enhance the quality of service in API collaborations. Additionally, starting from April 25 of the same year, the rejection of non-API linked use is possible depending on account settings. However, considering the provision that information is retained for 30 days, it can be presumed that some content information remains, albeit not technically.
Use in Public AdministrationGenerating chatbots for election campaigns and creating personalized election materials are prohibited.
Use in election campaignsAlthough some initiatives to employ AI in public administration have emerged, its use in high-level political decisions such as criminal trials and asylum is prohibited.
Regulations on service namesNames like “****** GPT,” “GPT-4 powered ******” or “ChatGPT powered ******” are disallowed, while names like “Powered by GPT-4” or “Built with GPT-4” are permitted.

Crawling and Copyright for AI

The use of various AI technologies, including image-generating AIs like “Stable Diffusion” and “Midjourney,” as well as text-generating AI like “ChatGPT,” has gained significant attention. However, it’s important to be aware of the potential legal risks associated with crawling and data collection using AI, particularly regarding copyright infringement.

In 2019, Japan’s Copyright Law was revised, allowing, in principle, the collection, processing, and use of copyrighted images for machine learning purposes. It also permits the provision (sale, transfer, etc.) of collected data for learning to third parties.

Nevertheless, services that employ AI may still infringe on copyright in Japan if they unreasonably harm the interests of copyright holders or if they deviate from the provisions outlined in the Copyright Act. For instance, if a website explicitly prohibits data collection and extraction for machine learning or information analysis in its terms of use or license agreement, collecting images without permission and training a machine learning model based on those images after “agreeing” to the terms of use may constitute copyright infringement.

It’s worth noting that synthetic images generated by AI using techniques such as Generative Adversarial Networks (GANs) generally do not infringe on the copyrights of the original images. In Japan, these generated images are considered newly created through the machine learning process and are not considered reproductions or adaptations of the original images.

Understanding the legal implications of copyright under Japanese law is crucial when developing AI-related services and products. MONOLITH LAW OFFICE boasts a team of attorneys and engineers who possess expertise in AI-related legal issues and can provide appropriate advice and legal support in this field.

Copyright and Other IP Issues

Copyright and Other IP Issues

AI-related services and products pose various challenges and complexities regarding copyright and other intellectual property-related matters. One prominent issue is the copyright status of AI-generated works and content. While these works can be subject to copyright protection, determining the rightful owner or creator can be difficult when the work is generated by AI. This ambiguity increases the risk of copyright infringement. Moreover, when AI-generated works incorporate multiple copyrighted works, managing the rights of multiple copyright holders can become intricate.

At MONOLITH LAW OFFICE, we have extensive experience in handling advanced IT and intellectual property-related cases. Our firm is well-equipped to navigate these emerging issues and provide effective legal support. With our expertise in the field, we can assist clients in addressing copyright and intellectual property concerns in the realm of AI.

Legal Considerations for System Development

Legal Considerations for System Development

System development involving advanced technologies such as AI models built on deep learning and reinforcement learning algorithms requires not only technical expertise but also comprehensive legal support. The complexity of such development necessitates careful attention to legal matters.

In practice, many contracts used in advanced system development lack clarity when it comes to addressing specific problem scenarios that may lead to disputes. For instance, a contract may contain abstract legal clauses like liability for non-conformity under Japanese law. However, without explicitly stating the specific circumstances relevant to the system or matter at hand, such clauses may not be effective in a court of law.

As a law firm led by an attorney with a background in IT engineering, we recognize the importance of deeply understanding the intricacies of system development. This understanding extends to the drafting of contracts, ensuring that they accurately capture the specific nuances of the system and effectively protect the interests of our clients. We provide comprehensive legal services that blend technical knowledge and legal expertise to support our clients in navigating the legal aspects of system development.

Providing Comprehensive Solutions

At our firm, we have assembled a team consisting of 19 attorneys and 85 staff members, including active IT engineers and IT consultants. Under the leadership of our representative attorney, who brings valuable experience as a former IT engineer and IT company owner, we offer a unique blend of IT and legal expertise.

Our team is equipped to handle a wide range of tasks seamlessly. The representative attorneys and the IT Consulting Department collaborate to translate and comprehend the latest technical documents and various terms of use. They also possess the ability to understand technical documents and codes that have been developed in-house. On the other hand, our attorneys conduct in-depth legal research, draft contracts, and perform other legal tasks.

By integrating our IT and legal knowledge, we provide a comprehensive one-stop service that caters to the specific needs of our clients. Our multidisciplinary approach allows us to address complex issues that require a high level of expertise in both IT and law. We are committed to delivering exceptional solutions that combine technical excellence with legal proficiency.

Providing Comprehensive Solutions


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Fee Structure

  • Hourly Rate

    $400per hour 
    In certain instances, we may consider accepting a dispute or lawsuit with an initiation fee and a contingency fee. For more details, please feel free to contact us.
  • Drafting Contracts

    from$500to $2,000 or more
    The pricing structure is subject to variation based on the type and quantity of contracts. We are pleased to offer a preliminary estimate upon inquiry, thereby encouraging you to reach out to us for further details.
  • Other Services

    Contact Us
    We offer a wide range of services including company formation, contract review, legal opinion, case review, or research letter. Should you have any inquiries or concerns, we cordially invite you to contact us and our knowledgeable team will be happy to assist you.


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